What is The Difference Between A Cartoon And A Caricature?

mohammad mazaheri

What is The Difference Between A Cartoon And A Caricature?

Cartoons - typically images of fictional characters - were first published as part of a comic strip in the 19th century by the Swiss artist Rodolphe Topffer (1799–1846) in an attempt to create a new method of storytelling. His concept was a forerunner of animation art and modern comic books. The first cartoons were intended for publishing in daily newspapers, so they were quickly sketched with little effort. In contrast caricatures and satires were often painstaking etched and were hand-coloured and printed in glossier publications. Even today this differentiation remains. A colourful caricature used to illustrate a magazine or newspaper article is often of obvious superior artistic quality than a comic sketch like Calvin and Hobbes, Peanuts or Doonesbury. Of course, nothing remains static for ever. With the advent of computer art, cartoonists have expanded the genre by creating sophisticated, highly complex cartoon images, particularly in the area of fantasy.

The British artist Giles (1916-95), famous for his work in the Daily Express newspaper, exemplifies the genre of political cartoons versus caricatures. He created a fictional cartoon family, dominated by the enigmatic "Grandma", which frequently commented on contemporary British and world politics, but from within a fictional setting: no portraits or drawings of real-life people were done.

Despite these differences, however, the word "cartoon" is still used as a popular synonym for "caricature". The role of Punch magazine in this terminological issue, is referred to below.

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