Rest assured right now, I will not make you math in this article. 😉
Have you ever started a drawing on a sheet of paper and realized that you do not have the space to finish it after a quarter or even half an hour?
Personally, it happened to me all the time ...
I do not know if you know architects around you, or architecture students, but you know that without this activity our civilization would not be what it is today. Why? Because architecture is above all the art of planning.
Today, I will teach you how to be the architect of your drawing. And believe me, nothing is more important in drawing than what I'm going to talk about today.
When drawing by observing nature, it is imperative to have the synthetic mind and know how to get to the point. The beginner will want to draw directly the details of the object, while the informed draftsman knows that it is necessary to build the scene as a whole and to have an idea of the overall proportions. Basically, an experienced draftsman builds his plan and builds the foundations of his creation, while keeping an eye on the entire drawing.
To achieve this feat, I will show you a method that completes my article on the observation of forms in nature. This technique is used by any good cartoonist who respects himself, illustrator as well as animator. It will allow you to build in less than 5 minutes the base of your drawing.
Be careful because this step is the most important in the drawing activity. If you know how to apply it for all objects, you will know how to draw everything! (even hands)
I really insist on this learning: not only will you improve your sense of observation, but the proportions of your drawings will not be as risky as when you started. I call it "the art of division".
If you still do not see what I want to talk to you about, follow the steps of this still life drawing:
Then watch this foal sketch by Ken Hultgren (animator at Disney):
A drawing of a character by Andrew Loomis (illustrator):
As well as a head of the same designer:
This applies even for the boards of a comic book. Here is an example drawn by Walder (Swiss comic book author):
You must have noticed their common point?
This is of course the first step: the basic sketch or sketch that allowed them to not only give rapid proportions to their drawing, but also to assign them a kind of basic skeleton (not too much in order to draw over it without problem). After this sketch, it's just a question of details. All other traits (construction traits, textures) flow naturally.
You remember the penultimate article and the primary forms that I told you about, if you do not, you have reading here before going further.
If you want to practice, practice these vase pictures (found on google image):
When you feel comfortable with this type of object, move on to more complex objects like what you see in your own home: furniture, tools, pots and everything that will fall on hand.
You will notice that the more complex the object is, the more it must be divided into many forms to represent it correctly. Always keep in mind that the most important parts of a drawing require more care, and therefore more shapes. So there are parts that you tend to subdivide more readily.
To take an example, J. Scott Campbell (author of Danger Girl), likes to break down his hair into three parts as in the following example:
How does this method represent a fundamental advantage in drawing? because she :
- simplifies the construction of complex shapes in space
- facilitates the vision of perspective
- tends to avoid proportional errors
- decreases the probability of asymmetry and thus wobbly drawing
- saves time in the short and long term
- allows a single overview for complex drawings
- gives a good basis for drawing details and textures
Have fun practicing with everything that happens to you. With the habit, not only will you taste, but you will become your own architect.
With your pencils!